# Online Capital Gains Tax Calculator - Free to Calculate

## What is Capital Gains Tax?

Capital gains tax (CGT) is a tax imposed on the profits or gains made on the sale of a capital asset. A capital asset can be anything from property, stocks, bonds, mutual funds, or any other investment that can appreciate in value over time. The tax is levied on the difference between the sale price and the cost of acquisition of the asset.

## How is Capital Gains Tax Calculated?

To calculate the capital gains tax, you need to know the following information:
1. Cost of Acquisition: This is the cost at which you bought the asset.

2. Cost of Improvement: This includes any expenses incurred to improve the asset, such as renovation costs, repair costs, or any other expenses that increase the value of the asset.

3. Sale Price: This is the price at which you sold the asset.

4. Indexation Benefit: Indexation benefit is available for long-term capital gains, which means gains made on the sale of assets held for more than 36 months. It is a benefit that adjusts the cost of acquisition for inflation to reflect the current value of money.

The formula to calculate the capital gains tax is as follows:

Short-term Capital Gains Tax = Sale Price - (Cost of Acquisition + Cost of Improvement)

Long-term Capital Gains Tax = Sale Price - (Indexed Cost of Acquisition + Cost of Improvement)

Indexed Cost of Acquisition = Cost of Acquisition x (CII of year of sale/CII of year of purchase)

Where CII stands for Cost Inflation Index, which is notified by the government of India every year. It is used to adjust the cost of acquisition for inflation. The CII of the year of purchase is the base index, and the CII of the year of sale is the index at the time of sale.

Once you have calculated the capital gains tax, you need to pay it to the government. The tax rate depends on whether the gains are short-term or long-term and the type of asset. Short-term capital gains tax is generally higher than long-term capital gains tax.

Let's say you bought a property for Rs. 50 lakh in January 2010 and sold it for Rs. 75 lakh in February 2023. During this period, you spent Rs. 5 lakh on renovations and repairs. The cost inflation index (CII) for 2010 was 711, and the CII for 2023 is 1,357.

To calculate the long-term capital gains tax, you need to first adjust the cost of acquisition for inflation using the CII:

Indexed Cost of Acquisition = Cost of Acquisition x (CII of year of sale/CII of year of purchase)

Indexed Cost of Acquisition = 50,00,000 x (1,357/711) = 95,55,821

Now, you can calculate the long-term capital gains tax:

Long-term Capital Gains Tax = Sale Price - (Indexed Cost of Acquisition + Cost of Improvement)

Long-term Capital Gains Tax = 75,00,000 - (95,55,821 + 5,00,000) = 68,44,179

Assuming the long-term capital gains tax rate is 20%, the tax liability would be:

Long-term Capital Gains Tax Liability = 20% x 68,44,179 = Rs. 13,68,836

Therefore, in this example, the capital gains tax liability would be Rs. 13,68,836.

## Capital Gains Tax FAQs

### What assets are subject to capital gains tax?

Capital gains tax applies to the sale of certain assets, such as real estate, stocks, mutual funds, and other types of investments. The tax is typically calculated based on the difference between the sale price and the purchase price of the asset, minus any expenses related to the sale.

### What is the difference between short-term and long-term capital gains?

Short-term capital gains apply to assets that are held for less than a year, while long-term capital gains apply to assets that are held for more than a year. The tax rate for short-term capital gains is typically higher than for long-term capital gains, which are often taxed at a lower rate.

### How is capital gains tax calculated?

Capital gains tax is calculated based on the profit you make from selling an asset. To calculate the tax, you need to determine the sale price of the asset, as well as the purchase price and any related expenses, such as renovation costs or real estate commissions. Once you have these figures, you can apply the appropriate tax rate to determine your tax liability.

### Are there any exemptions or deductions available for capital gains tax?

Yes, there are a number of exemptions and deductions available for capital gains tax. For example, if you sell your primary residence, you may be able to exclude a portion of the capital gains from your tax liability. Additionally, you may be able to deduct certain expenses related to the sale, such as real estate commissions and legal fees.