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Guwahati:A city shaped by time

Guwahati, the largest city in the northeastern state of Assam, has a long and fascinating history that dates back to ancient times. The city has been ruled by various kingdoms and empires over the centuries, and has been an important center of culture, trade, and commerce in the region. In this Blog, we will explore the history of Guwahati in detail, from its early days to the present.

The Early Period

The earliest records of human habitation in Guwahati date back to the Neolithic period, around 4000 BCE. Archaeological evidence suggests that the area was inhabited by various tribes, who engaged in hunting, fishing, and agriculture. The region was known as Pragjyotishpura or Durjaya during this period, and was an important center of trade and commerce.

The Kamarupa Kingdom

The Kamarupa Kingdom was the first major kingdom to emerge in the region. It was founded by King Narakasura in the 4th century CE and lasted until the 12th century. The kingdom was known for its art, literature, and culture, and was a major center of Buddhist and Hindu learning. The famous Chinese traveler, Xuanzang, visited Kamarupa in the 7th century and described it as a prosperous and flourishing kingdom.During the Kamarupa period, Guwahati emerged as an important center of trade and commerce. The city was located at the confluence of two important rivers, the Brahmaputra and the Bhramaputra, and was well-connected to other parts of India through a network of trade routes. The city was also an important center of religion and culture, with several Buddhist and Hindu temples being built during this period.

The Ahom Kingdom

The Ahom Kingdom was founded in the 13th century by Sukaphaa, who came from present-day Thailand. The kingdom lasted until the 19th century and was known for its military prowess and administrative efficiency. The Ahom rulers were great patrons of the arts and literature, and built several magnificent temples and monuments in Guwahati and other parts of Assam.

During the Ahom period, Guwahati emerged as a major center of trade and commerce. The city was strategically located at the intersection of two important trade routes, one connecting India with Southeast Asia, and the other connecting India with Tibet and China. The Ahom rulers encouraged the growth of trade and commerce, and established several markets and trading centers in the city.

The British Period

Guwahati came under British rule in the 19th century and became a part of the Bengal Presidency. The city witnessed major developments during the British period, including the construction of the Saraighat Bridge and the Guwahati Railway Station. The British also established several schools, colleges, and hospitals in the city, which contributed to the growth of education and healthcare.

The Post-Independence Period

After India gained independence in 1947, Guwahati became a part of the state of Assam. The city witnessed rapid growth and development in the post-independence period, with the establishment of several industries and the growth of the service sector. The city also became an important center of education, with the establishment of several universities, colleges, and research institutes.

n recent years, Guwahati has emerged as a major hub of the northeast region of India. The city has seen significant investment in infrastructure, including the construction of the Guwahati International Airport and the establishment of several industrial parks. The city is also an important center of tourism, with several historic monuments, temples, and natural attractions.


Guwahati has a long and fascinating history that reflects the rich cultural heritage of the northeastern region of India.

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